Howard Hawks, his cinema and films to see absolutely

howard-hawks

Howard Hawks was born into a wealthy Wisconsin family on May 30, 1896. He graduated with a degree in mechanical engineering and became an aviator during World War I. Later he became an employee of the aeronautical industry. Then he moved to Los Angeles where he met Douglas Fairbanks, a friend and partner of Charlie […]

John Ford, the masterpieces of the western and the myth of the American foundation

john-ford

The most famous phrase was this: “My name is John Ford and I do westerns”. This sentence is very hasty and meaningful. The director has a strong awareness of being just a tradesman at the service of an industry, who classifies his products into specific categories and genres. Hollywood creates genres and, together with genres, […]

Movie genres: how the film industry builds audience loyalty

Movie-genres

Movie genres are consolidated by Hollywood producers of the 1930s and 1940s for production planning needs. The division into well-coded movie genres allows studios above all to reach very specific target audiences. In addition, producers always try to connect well-known stars to each genre. The association between a certain gender and a certain face becomes […]

Famous actors in Hollywood of the 30s and 40s: the star system and stardom.

famous-actors

How cinematographic stardom was born Famous actors, the Star System and stardom are one of the main phenomena of industrial and commercial cinema which, as opposed to independent cinema and art, ensures the participation of stars in their productions to attract the masses to cinemas. The eternal conflict between these two very different types of […]

Erich Von Stroheim: who he was and what are his films not to be missed

Erich-von-Stroheim

Erich Von Stroheim ‘s life is surrounded by mystery and legend. The director was extremely reserved and always tried to leak as little information about himself as possible by publishing fake news and fake authorized biographies. He liked to tell lies, invent other personalities, such as being an Austrian nobleman ruined by gambling. He was […]

Classic movies: the Hollywood empire to conquer the world

classic-movies

Between 1930 and 1945 the Hollywood industry consolidates and begins to produce classic movies. In 1929, the collapse of the Wall Street stock market is a tsunami that engulfs the entire nation. The difficult period of the great depression began in 1929 and continued until the end of the thirties, with a sensational recovery of […]

Buster Keaton: the reckless performances of an impenetrable face

buster-keaton

Joseph Frank Keaton, real name of Buster Keaton, was born in the United States, in Kansas, on October 4, 1895. Like Charlie Chaplin, he is the son of a couple of artists, but less unfortunate. The father has a vaudeville company where the famous saxophonist Mira Keaton and the magician Houdini perform. Little Keaton participates […]

Charlie Chaplin: the tramp who becomes the biggest Hollywood star

charlie-chaplin

Charlie Chaplin was born in 1889 in London, more than 130 years ago. Its success was universal and reached audiences of all ages and generations. He is unanimously considered one of the greatest directors who ever lived.  His personal history will later influence his films. Raised in poverty amidst extreme hardships in London he lost […]

Hollywood and cinema: how the dream factory was born and developed

Hollywood

After the end of the First World War and before the Great Depression of 1929, the Hollywood film industry dominated the world.  An industry that presents itself to the general public as a dream factory that proposes the realization of the American dream. A series of characters, heroes and heroines almost always good-looking, in which […]

Dreyer, Sjostrom and filmmakers outside the great avant-gardes

dreyer

Outside of this rich scenario of European French, German and Russian avant-gardes and the development of American cinema, there is a long series of individual experiences of directors operating in other countries, such as Carl Theodor Dreyer. In Italy in the 1920s everything seems to have stopped and there is a profound production and distribution […]

The Russian avant-garde in 1920s cinema and the October of the arts.

russian avant-garde

The Russian avant-garde of the 1920s was born after the revolution, in the context of the October of the arts. It is one of the most interesting and radical avant-gardes in the history of cinema. The Bolshevik Communist Party allows artists great freedom to experiment, while remaining within the scope of the October Revolution. The […]

Impressionism and the new avant-gardes: French cinema of the 1920s

impressionism

Impressionism and new forms of cinematographic research replaced industrial film in France in the 1920s. The production of French films in the 1920s dropped dramatically. Cinema was produced much more in the United States and Germany. Pathè and Gaumont, which had been the first industrial film production companies in history, took care themselves to the […]

Kammerspiel and The new objectivity: the intimacy between spectator and actor

kammerspiel

Germany is certainly among the most vital and innovative countries in the production of films of the 1920s and 1930s. In addition to being the homeland of expressionism, kammerspiel and The New Objectivity are also established, with a long series of dramas and historical movies. The kammerspiel, which means chamber acting, is a theatrical and musical […]

Expressionism: deep fears become the protagonists of the image

espressionismo

Expressionism in cinema, as in other arts, aimed to bring the emotions of the characters to the fore. Expressionism’s view of the world is extremely subjective, emotional and non-rational. The unconscious and its most ancestral fears come to life in the work. Expressionism was born in Europe, in the early 1900s, which lasted until the […]

Eisenstein: Battleship Potemkin is not a “crazy shit”

Eisenstein

Who was Sergej Eisenstein? In Italy, tens of thousands of people know him above all for his most important film, the second of his filmmaking career after the Strike, The battleship Potemkin, but not for the extraordinary quality of the film. Those who are not Italian will probably find it hard to believe it. Eisenstein […]

Dziga Vertov: The metaphysical genius of a Pole who emigrated to Russia

dziga-vertov

Born in Poland in 1896, Dziga Vertov, born David Abelevič Kaufman, moved to Russia where he first studied medicine and then poetry and fiction. In Moscow he begins to take an interest in cinema thanks to surrealism from which he takes inspiration also for his nickname with which he becomes known, Dziga Vertov. After the […]

History of films: the origins, inventions and pioneers of cinema

history-of-films

History of films: before the cinema The history of films begins well before the Lumière brothers, and is lost in the mists of time. The power of mental images that will manifest itself to its maximum degree with cinema has always been part of man’s nature. From the myth of Plato’s cave to the insights […]

Avant-garde cinema: movements, films and protagonists

surrealism

The European cinematic avant-gardes of the 1920s In the 1920s a vast panorama of experimentation of European cinema was born by artists from other artistic disciplines such as Cubism, Dadaism and Surrealism, who made important contributions to the development of the nascent cinematographic art: avant-garde cinema. Avant-garde cinema: Futurism Italian futurism was among the most […]