René Clair, from the avant-garde to realism. Who was he, what films to see

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René Clair was born in Paris in 1898. Worldwide he is considered one of the most important directors of French cinema, of which he interprets and summarizes the highest part of history, a role later assumed by François Truffaut. Who is René Clair? René Clair is well known in Anglo-Saxon countries and in Italy. In […]

Forough Farrokhzad: Persian poetry and New Wave cinema

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Forough Farrokhzad was a poet and Iranian director who in the fifties and sixties fought for women’s rights in Iran through her art and her intellectual commitment. She pioneered the avant-garde movement modernist.  Forough Farrokhzad’s Persian Poem Born in Tehran on January 5, 1934, Forough Farrokhzad had a difficult life due to the Iranian regime […]

A page of madness: the madness that turns into the language of cinema

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The school of new perceptions  A Page of Madness is a Japanese silent film of 1926 directed by Teinosuke Kinugasa. For over 45 years the film was lost, then found by the director himself in his warehouse randomly in 1971. It is a film designed by the Japanese Artists Movement called Shinkankakuha, which means school […]

Haxan, avant-garde masterpiece between horror and false documentary

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Introduction Haxan is a 1922 Swedish avant-garde film by Benjamin Christiansen, considered one of the most important and innovative masterpieces in the history of films. The film invents and mixes different genres in a truly surprising way. 50 years before Godard and the Nouvelle Vague Benjamin Christiansen invents the fake documentary and the gothic and […]

Jean Vigo: a story of anarchy and love for cinema

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In the 1930s, France was the world capital of cinema, the place where cinema was born and where the cinematographic and artistic avant-gardes that influenced the whole world were most developed. After René Clair, Antonin Artaud and Jacques Feyder. France was forced to confront war and the misery of the human condition. In cinema, a […]

Dreyer, Sjostrom and filmmakers outside the great avant-gardes

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Outside of this rich scenario of European French, German and Russian avant-gardes and the development of American cinema, there is a long series of individual experiences of directors operating in other countries, such as Carl Theodor Dreyer. In Italy in the 1920s everything seems to have stopped and there is a profound production and distribution […]

The Russian avant-garde in 1920s cinema and the October of the arts.

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The Russian avant-garde of the 1920s it was pivotal in the history of films. It was born after the revolution, in the context of the October of the arts. It is one of the most interesting and radical avant-gardes in the history of cinema. The Bolshevik Communist Party allows artists great freedom to experiment, while […]

Impressionism and the new avant-gardes: French cinema of the 1920s

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Impressionism and new forms of cinematographic research replaced industrial film in France in the 1920s. The production of French films in the 1920s dropped dramatically. Cinema was produced much more in the United States and Germany. Pathè and Gaumont, which had been the first industrial film production companies in history, took care themselves to the […]

Kammerspiel and the new objectivity: the intimacy between spectator and actor

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Germany is certainly among the most vital and innovative countries in the history of films of the 1920s and 1930s. In addition to being the homeland of expressionism, kammerspiel and The New Objectivity are also established, with a long series of dramas and historical movies. The kammerspiel, which means chamber acting, is a theatrical and musical […]

Murnau, the dark fairy tale, romance and the “living” camera

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Friedrich Plumpe, aka Murnau, is one of the most famous directors in German. Born in 1888 on December 28 in Bielefeld. He is one of the greatest directors in the history of cinema. Most of his films are influenced by expressionism and kammerspiel. Youth After a childhood in which he already showed his penchant for […]

Expressionism: deep fears become the protagonists of the image

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Expressionism was among the fundamental movements in the history of cinema. As in other arts, expressionism aimed to bring the emotions of the characters to the fore. Expressionism’s view of the world is extremely subjective, emotional and non-rational. The unconscious and its most ancestral fears come to life in the work. Expressionism was born in […]

Dziga Vertov: The metaphysical genius of a Pole who emigrated to Russia

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Born in Poland in 1896, Dziga Vertov, born David Abelevič Kaufman, moved to Russia where he first studied medicine and then poetry and fiction. In Moscow he begins to take an interest in cinema thanks to surrealism from which he takes inspiration also for his nickname with which he becomes known, Dziga Vertov. After the […]

David Griffith, the inventor of analytic editing and modern cinema

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David Wark Griffith had been a bad actor who occasionally worked in theaters in provincial towns and urban ghettos. During those years he was well acquainted with the psychology and way of thinking of the sub-urban proletarian and the people of the small towns, better than any film producer in business at the time. They […]

Georges Méliès: the inventor of fantastic and historical cinema

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Georges Méliès was among the most important directors of all time and perhaps the most extraordinary and mythical character of the origins of cinema.It was he who invented the first tricks of the cinema such as the disappearances, the fades and the coloring of the film. From a certain point of view it could be […]

Avant-garde cinema: movements, films and protagonists

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The European cinematic avant-gardes of the 1920s In the 1920s a vast panorama of experimentation of European cinema was born by artists from other artistic disciplines such as Cubism, Dadaism and Surrealism, who made important contributions to the development of the nascent cinematographic art: avant-garde cinema. Start watching movies with a free trial Avant-garde cinema: […]