Haxan, avant-garde masterpiece between horror and false documentary

haxan

Introduction Haxan is a 1922 Swedish avant-garde film by Benjamin Christiansen, considered one of the most important and innovative masterpieces in the history of films. The film invents and mixes different genres in a truly surprising way. 50 years before Godard and the Nouvelle Vague Benjamin Christiansen invents the fake documentary and the gothic and […]

Jean Vigo: a story of anarchy and love for cinema

latalante-jean-vigo

In the 1930s, France was the world capital of cinema, the place where cinema was born and where the cinematographic and artistic avant-gardes that influenced the whole world were most developed. After René Clair, Antonin Artaud and Jacques Feyder. France was forced to confront war and the misery of the human condition. In cinema, a […]

Dreyer, Sjostrom and filmmakers outside the great avant-gardes

dreyer

Outside of this rich scenario of European French, German and Russian avant-gardes and the development of American cinema, there is a long series of individual experiences of directors operating in other countries, such as Carl Theodor Dreyer. In Italy in the 1920s everything seems to have stopped and there is a profound production and distribution […]

The Russian avant-garde in 1920s cinema and the October of the arts.

russian avant-garde

The Russian avant-garde of the 1920s was born after the revolution, in the context of the October of the arts. It is one of the most interesting and radical avant-gardes in the history of cinema. The Bolshevik Communist Party allows artists great freedom to experiment, while remaining within the scope of the October Revolution. The […]

Impressionism and the new avant-gardes: French cinema of the 1920s

impressionism

Impressionism and new forms of cinematographic research replaced industrial film in France in the 1920s. The production of French films in the 1920s dropped dramatically. Cinema was produced much more in the United States and Germany. Pathè and Gaumont, which had been the first industrial film production companies in history, took care themselves to the […]

Kammerspiel and The new objectivity: the intimacy between spectator and actor

kammerspiel

Germany is certainly among the most vital and innovative countries in the production of films of the 1920s and 1930s. In addition to being the homeland of expressionism, kammerspiel and The New Objectivity are also established, with a long series of dramas and historical movies. The kammerspiel, which means chamber acting, is a theatrical and musical […]

Murnau, the dark fairy tale, romance and the “living” camera

Murnau

Friedrich Plumpe, aka Murnau is a German director born in 1888 on December 28 in Bielefeld. He is one of the greatest directors in the history of cinema. Most of his films are influenced by expressionism and kammerspiel. Youth After a childhood in which he already showed his penchant for art and theater by staging […]

Expressionism: deep fears become the protagonists of the image

espressionismo

Expressionism in cinema, as in other arts, aimed to bring the emotions of the characters to the fore. Expressionism’s view of the world is extremely subjective, emotional and non-rational. The unconscious and its most ancestral fears come to life in the work. Expressionism was born in Europe, in the early 1900s, which lasted until the […]

Dziga Vertov: The metaphysical genius of a Pole who emigrated to Russia

dziga-vertov

Born in Poland in 1896, Dziga Vertov, born David Abelevič Kaufman, moved to Russia where he first studied medicine and then poetry and fiction. In Moscow he begins to take an interest in cinema thanks to surrealism from which he takes inspiration also for his nickname with which he becomes known, Dziga Vertov. After the […]

David Griffith, the inventor of analytic editing and modern cinema

David-Griffith

David Wark Griffith had been a bad actor who occasionally worked in theaters in provincial towns and urban ghettos. During those years he was well acquainted with the psychology and way of thinking of the sub-urban proletarian and the people of the small towns, better than any film producer in business at the time. They […]

Georges Méliès: the inventor of fantastic and historical cinema

history-of-films

Georges Méliès is perhaps the most extraordinary and mythical character of the origins of cinema. It was he who invented the first tricks of the cinema such as the disappearances, the fades and the coloring of the film. From a certain point of view it could be said that the first use of montage is […]

Avant-garde cinema: movements, films and protagonists

surrealism

The European cinematic avant-gardes of the 1920s In the 1920s a vast panorama of experimentation of European cinema was born by artists from other artistic disciplines such as Cubism, Dadaism and Surrealism, who made important contributions to the development of the nascent cinematographic art: avant-garde cinema. Avant-garde cinema: Futurism Italian futurism was among the most […]